A normal lens will be your basic lens that most photographers start out with. This lens will give a field of view that appear natural to the eye of the viewer. Long or short lenses would be expanded, therefore being distorted from the “normal view”. This type of lens is a fixed focal lens, also meaning it can not zoom in. Yes, this is a lens that you will start out with but it is a learning lens, it is for you to experience what photos look like in real time. This type of lens has advantages too, it is normally a faster lens, meaning the maximum aperture is very wide. Meaning pictures in a lower light with a faster shutter speeds. I suggest you do not knock the “average” until you’ve tried it!
Photo by: Chris Devers
Lenses are a major thing you want to be worried about when taking photographs. Depending on what type of photo you are trying to take, what you want the viewer to feel/see. A couple of the main lenses you will be using will be; normal, wide-angle, and a telephoto lens. A normal lens will be the “average” lens used when taking photos, this will be a 35 millimeter – 55 millimeter lens. This lens is meant for a “natural” look under normal viewing conditions. A wide-angle lens is when the focal length is smaller than the focal length of a regular lens. This would allow for more of the scene to be in the photo, when you (as the photographer) can not be moved far enough back to capture this extra scenery. This would be a 18-55 millimeter lens. A telephoto lens is a narrowing lens, which is smaller than a normal lens. This type of lens brings items from far away to the front, it extends the light path to create a long-focus lens in a much shorter overall design. The lens all depends on what the subject is you are photographing.
Depth of Field
Today is my little explanation of Depth of field. It is a fun way the photographer can “tweak” the viewers mind in a sense. This way of taking a photo is when you capture an image but blur everything around the image to make it the main focal point. For example; in this photo above one will see many flowers but only few clearly, while the rest are in blur. This focus is towards the middle of the flower patch, leaving the eye to assume what the front and back rows of blurred flowers seem to appear as looking very similar to the middle batch. This is a fun and interesting way to capture an image! Have fun and play around until you get something you love! 🙂
Photo by: JPBWright